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ISO 14577-4:2016 《金属材料 硬度和材料参数的仪器化压痕试验 第4部分:金属和非金属覆盖层的试验方法》国际标准(英文版)

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14577-4ISO_14577-4_2016.png


Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters —

Part 4:

Test method for metallic and non-metallic coatings


ISO 14577 consists of the following parts, under the general title 

Metallic materials —— Instrumented indentation test

for hardness and materials parameters  


ISO 14577-1:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters — Part 1: Test method

ISO 14577-2:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters — Part 2: Verification and calibration of testing machines

ISO 14577-3:2015Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters — Part 3: Calibration of reference blocks

ISO 14577-4:2016, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters — Part 4:Test method for metallic and non-metallic coatings


Contents


Foreword

Introduction

1 Scope 

2 Normative references

3 Symbol and designations

4 Calibration and direct verification of testing machines

5 Test pieces

6 Procedure

7 Data analysis and evaluation of results for indentation normal to the surface

8 Uncertainty of the results

9 Test report

Annex A (informative) Contact point and fully elastic regime

Bibliography


1 Scope


This part of ISO 14577 specifies a method for testing coatings which is particularly suitable for testing

in the nano/micro range applicable to thin coatings. However, the application of this method of this par of ISO 14577 is not needed if the indentation depth is such a small fraction of the coating thickness that

in any possible case a substrate influence can be neglected and the coating can be considered as a bulk

material. Limits for such cases are given.

This test method is limited to the examination of single layers when the indentation is carried out

normal to the test piece surface, but graded and multilayer coatings can also be measured in cross-

section if the thickness of the individual layers or gradations is greater than the spatial resolution of the

indentation process.

The test method is not limited to any particular type of material. Metallic and non-metallic coatings are

included in the scope of this part of ISO 14577. In this part of ISO 14577, the term coating is used to refer

to any solid layer with homogeneous properties different to that of a substrate it is connected to. Th method assumes that coating properties are constant with indentation depth. Composite coatings are

considered to be homogenous if the structure size is less than the indentation size.

The application of this part of ISO 14577 regarding measurement of indentation hardness is only

possible if the indenter is a pyramid or a cone with a radius of tip curvature small enough for plastic

deformation to occur within the coating. The hardness of visco-elastic materials or materials exhibiting

significant creep will be strongly affected by the time taken to perform the test.

NOTE 1  ISO 14577-1, ISO 14577-2 and ISO 14577-3 define usage of instrumented indentation testing of bulk

materials over all force and displacement ranges.

NOTE 2  The analysis used here does not make any allowances for pile-up or sink-in of indents. Use of Atomic

Force Microscopy (AFM) to assess the indent shape allows the determinion of possible pile-up or sink-in of the

surface around the indent. These surface effects result in an under-estimate (pile-up) or over-estimate (sink-in) of

the contact area in the analysis and hence may influence the measured results. Pile-up generally occurs for fully

work-hardened materials. Pile-up of soft, ductile materials is more likely for thinner coatings due to the constraint

of the stresses in the zone of plastic deformation in the coating. It has been reported that the piled up material

results in an effective increase of the contact area for the determination of hardness, whithe effect is less

pronounced for the determination of indentation modulus, since the piled up material behaves less rigidly. 


2 Normative references


The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14577-1:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials

parameters — Part 1: Test method

ISO 14577-2:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials

parameters — Part 2: Verification and calibration of testing machines

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD  ISO 14577-4:2016(E)

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved  1

ISO 14577-4:2016(E)

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3, Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

measurement (GUM)





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