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ISO 14577-1:2015 《金属材料 硬度和材料参数的仪器化压痕试验 第1部分:试验方法》国际标准(英文版)

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14577-1:2015ISO_14577-1_2015.png


Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters — 

Part 1: 

Test method


ISO 14577 consists of the following parts, under the general title 

Metallic materials —— Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters:


ISO 14577-1:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters — Part 1: Test method

ISO 14577-2:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test 

for hardness and materials parameters — Part 2: Verification and calibration of testing machines

ISO 14577-3:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters — Part 3: Calibration of reference blocks

ISO 14577-4:2016, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials parameters — Part 4:Test method for metallic and non-metallic coatings


Contents


Foreword 

Introduction 

1  Scope 

2  Normative references 

3  Symbols and designations 

4  Principle 

5  Testing machine 

6  Test piece 

7  Procedure 

8  Uncertainty of the results 

9  Test report 

Annex A (normative) Materials parameters determined from the force/indentation depth data set 

Annex B (informative) Types of control use for the indentation process 

Annex C (normative) Machine compliance and indenter area function 

AnnexD (informative) Notes on diamond indenters 

Annex E (normative) Influence of the test piece surface roughness on the accuracy of the results 

Annex F (informative) Correlation of indentation hardness H IT to Vickers hardness 

Annex G (normative) Drift and creep rate determination

Annex H (informative) Estimation of uncertainty of the calculated values of hardness and materials parameters 

Annex I (normative) Calculation of radial displacement correction

Bibliography


1 Scope


This part of ISO 14577 specifies the method of instrumented indentation test for determination of hardness and other materials parameters for the following three ranges:

— macro range: 2 N ≤ F ≤ 30 kN;

— micro range: 2 N > F; h > 0,2 µm;

— nano range: h ≤ 0,2 µm.

For the nano range, the mechanical deformation strongly depends on the real shape of indenter tip and the calculated material parameters are significantly influenced by the contact area function of the indenter used in the testing machine. Therefore, careful calibration of both instrument and indenter shape is required in order to achieve an acceptable reproducibility of the materials parameters determined with

different machines.

The macro and micro ranges are distinguished by the test forces in relation to the indentation depth.

Attention is drawn to the fact that the micro range has an upper limit given by the test force (2 N) and a lower limit given by the indentation depth of 0,2 µm.

The determination of hardness and other material parameters is given in Annex A.

At high contact pressures, damage to the indenter is possible. For this reason in the macro range hardmetal indenters are often used. For test pieces with very high hardness and modulus of elasticity, permanent indenter deformation can occur and can be detected using suitable reference materials. It is necessary that its influence on the test result be taken into account.

This test method can also be applied to thin metallic and non-metallic coatings and non-metallic

materials. In this case, it is recommended that the specifications in the relevant standards be taken into account (see also 6.3 and ISO 14577-4).


2 Normative references


The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14577-2:2015, Metallic materials — Instrumented indentation test for hardness and materials

parameters — Part 2: Verification and calibration of testing machines

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008, Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM:1995)


3 Symbols and designations


For the purposes of this document, the symbols and designations in Table 1 shall be applied (see also Figure 1 and Figure 2).





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